Diverticulitis-A complication of digestive system

Diverticulitis-A complication of digestive system.

Diverticulitis is a common digestive disease that involves the formation of pouches(diverticulosis)on the outside of colon.Diverticulitis is a condition that occurs when these pouches become inflamed.The exact cause of this pouch formation is not known however eating low fiber diet is one of the cause.All those conditions that leads to increased intraluminal colonic pressure can cause this disease.

The first  symptom of  diverticulitis seen in most patiensts is abdominal pain with bloating and cramping, however some patients may have no symptoms at all.The patient of diverticulitis often presents with pain in the left lower quadrant,fever,chills and leukocytosis.Some patients also have nausea and diarrhea,others may have constipation.Tenderness is present around the left side of abdomen.The presence of the symptoms depend upon the extent of infection as well as complications caused due to inflammation of the pouches.Sometimes blood in stool can also be seen.

There  is a well established relation between diet of a person and incidence of diverticulitis.As mentioned earlier low fiber food that lacks the dietary fiber is considered as diverticulitis diet as  it predisposes the individuals to diverticulitis disease.Foods such as seeds,nust and corn were considered in the past as an aggravating factors for this disease but research have shown that they do not aggravate but it is now been thought that high intake of nuts and corn may help to reduce the incidence of disease in adult males.Foods like beans and peas, coarse grains, coconut, popcorn, dried fruits, skins on vegetables and fruits, tomatoes, strawberries, pickles, and cucumbers should be avoided.

The cure of diverticulitis usually depends upon the severity of the disease.Most of the simple uncomplicated cases respond to the therapy consisting of bowel rest and antibiotics.The patient is asked to take complete bed rest with only fluid intake for two to three days after that most of the doctors advice more high fiber diet to avoid the recurrence of the disease.